COVID-19: A SIGNIFICANT GLOBAL PANDEMIC.

Corona virus causes respiratory illness and can spread through contact with an infected person or contaminated surface or through droplets from infected persons.

Epidemiology:
The novel coronavirus detected in China in 2019 is closely related genetically to the SARS-CoV-1 virus. SARS emerged at the end of 2002 in China, and it caused more than 8 000 cases in 33 countries over a period of eight months. Around one in ten of the people who developed SARS died.
As of 30 March, 2020, the COVID-19 outbreak has caused over 700,000 cases worldwide since the first case was reported in China late last year. Of these, more than 30,000 are known to have died. But it is currently estimated that, on average, one infected person will infect between two and three other people.
The incubation period for COVID-19 (i.e. the time between exposure to the virus and onset of symptoms) is currently estimated to be between one and 14 days. COVID-19 cases, with about 1% of all cases reported being under 10 years, and 4% aged 10-19 years. Children appear as likely to be infected as adults, but they have a much lower risk than adults of developing symptoms or severe disease. There is still some uncertainty about the extent to which asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic children transmit disease.
However, there is limited scientific evidence on the severity of illness in pregnant women after COVID-19 infection.

Predisposing or Risk factors.

Older people or those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

Mode of transmission
The good news is that COVID-19 is not airborne and can only be transmitted through droplets of saliva or discharges from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes; that is the reason you are advised to practice respiratory etiquette by coughing into a flexed elbow and also social distancing.
Common symptoms;
– Fever
– Tiredness
– Dry cough
Other symptoms include shortness of breath, aches and pains, sore throat. Note only few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.
Prevention or Precautionary measures.
As of this moment, a credible cure or vaccine is yet to discovered against the virus. However, there are key measures and practices that could be precautionary.
– Maintain a social distance of 2metres from anyone coughing or sneezing
-Washing your hands or using alcohol-based sanitizers frequently, and not touching your face.
– If you’re ill, wear a face masks to avoid infecting others.
– Food hygiene and good food safety practices.
Treatment
People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self isolate and contact Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) Toll- free Number on 080097000010 for testing and referral as the COVID-19 testing is absolutely FREE!
It is important to observe those safety measures as there are NO SPECIFIC VACCINES OR CURE FOR COVID-19!!!

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